South Africa has a population of 44 million of which more than 10 million people live in rural areas. The national electricity supplier is under severe pressure to supply electricity to the industrial and mining sectors, as well as urban household areas. An alternative to electricity, which uses fossil fuels and to a minor extent nuclear energy, has to be found and implemented as the demand for electricity increases daily. During 2008, the country experienced a major shortage of electricity, resulting in load shedding. This proved very costly to the economy and very inconvenient to the normal household receiving electricity from the national supplier, Eskom. Today, about 25% of the 12,5 million households in South Africa are still without electricity. On the other, hand South Africa is blessed with an abundance of sunshine, estimated to be around eight hours per day. Most of the power currently generated in South Africa comes from fossil fuels, with which South Africa is also blessed. The conversion of fossil fuels to electricity is, not very environmentaly friendly. Fuel cell electricity generation is one of the possible solutions to this major problem. Fuel cell research at VUT started in 2004 and has grown to a point that a novel membrane has been developed and manufactured. The membrane is currently being patented. This membrane is the result of collaboration between VUT, WITS, Telkom, M-Tec, TFMC and Meds International.